Alternate History 🇺🇸 November 2, 1976: President Nelson Rockefeller wins election to full 4-year term and the aftermath

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Chapter 17: The Arizonan is IN

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
*Long-awaited decision on 1984: Popular Arizona Governor launches campaign for the 1984 Democratic Party presidential nomination.
*Babbitt says he plans on run on "The Greatness of America"; pledges fair and respectable campaign and detailed policy proposals.
*Rivals weighing in, mostly positive voices.

*Friday, September 30, 1983: As the month of September comes towards its conclusion, it closes off with a huge political headline bombshell from the Grand Canyon State, perhaps the biggest of the 1984 cycle right before ballots are being casts. On 30 September, Arizona Governor Bruce Babbitt invited a group of 26 journalists of all major newspapers and broadcasts to the conference room inside the Arizona State Capitol Building for a "major announcement". The podium was already prepared, with many flags consisting of the United States and the State of Arizona in the background with the State Seal on the podium: the placard signs with "Restoring American Greatness" were also seen as well: another sign of evidence that the Democratic Governor was indeed launching his campaign for the Presidency. Arizona First Lady Harriett Babbitt, the Governor's wife, introduced her husband in the morning hours. The event was scheduled as a basic simple event, not a campaign rally nor press conference.

Arizona First Lady
Harriett C. Babbitt: "Ladies and Gentlemen, I am deeply honored to introduce to you all a man who has dedicated his life to serving the people of the great State of Arizona as beginning with his tenure as Arizona's 19th State Attorney General and currently as Arizona's 16th Governor for the past five years. A man of honor, dignity and commitment. Ladies and Gentleman, please welcome my husband and the father of our two sons, Christopher Babbitt and TJ Babbitt, Governor Bruce Edward Babbitt."

Arizona Governor
Bruce Babbitt: "Thank you very much. Good morning Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome to all of you, who have come to Phoenix. I hope that the ad-hoc announced event didn't cause many of you scheduling conflicts in advance. So once again, thank you. I am appearing today to making a major announcement, as you can see (laughter from the audience).

Every four years, our democracy affords us a season of national reckoning. It's a time to taking stock. To think about where we are, and where we've been, and where we're going. A time to ask as Americans what we want to make of our country.

My own answer is what brings me here today and what drives me to embark upon the most challenging journey in American public life.

I began where we all began: with the town where I grew up, and the values I learned there, and the people and places I've known across the years. My roots are in the canyon country of northern Arizona, a land staked out and settled by my grandparents where they pushed west from Ohio a hundred years ago.

I come from a family of ranchers and frontier merchants. They helped build schools and towns in the wilderness and they lived by simple truths. You work hard. You do what's right. You stand up for the things you believe in.

That is what I take from the Arizona.

In the sixties, I took it down south------to Selma, Alabama, in the fight for civil rights, and from Mississippi to Texas in the war on poverty. And like the rest of my generation, which came of age in the sixties, I learned firsthand the power of ordinary people to take charge of their lives and transform society in the process.

In the seventies and eighties I took that lesson back to Arizona-first as a prosecutor and then as governor. And I found again that the hardest things to do were the things most worth doing. Like winning a liberal health care plan from the most conservative legislature in the country. Like taking on organized crime, and getting convictions on men who had a contract out on my life. Like stepping in to negotiate labor disputes, but calling the National Guard when that's what it took to keeping the peace.

The America we grew up with was an America in charge. Confident of its purpose. Proud of its history. Certain of its future.

That's America was proud and solid and real. It was an America of men and women who knew that they can do anything they set their minds on doing.

Today, we have leaders who don't set their minds on much of anything. We have a government by Teleprompter in which words and deeds have lost all logical connection.

For the past two years, we've heard fine words about balancing the federal budget.....from the White House that never once submitted a budget within $100 billion dollars of balance.

And that's NOT leadership.

For the last two years, we've heard courageous words about the apartheid government of South Africa....from a President who sends them missiles and military arms and weapons, which in turn, are used to kill innocent black South Africans in such a horrific massive and disgusting impunity, then plays and needs you when he's called into account.

And that's not courage at all!

For the last two years, we've been hearing patriotic words.....from an administration that compares the Nicaraguan Contras to our own founding fathers------and then sets up Sultans and Saudis and Swiss bankers to funding them behind our backs.

And if that is a mockery.

In America in charge again is going to need leadership with its hands on the wheel.

Leadership that says what it means.....does what it says...... and holds itself accountable for the consequences.

The next President of the United States must dare to be different------willing to cast aside the tired orthodoxies that hold back our leaders.

The next President must chart a course that lets America take charge of its future.

He must say and do what other politicians dare not even think. He must risk offending some political supporters. He must risk breaching the etiquette of Washington. He must lead.

The next President must show us the different ways to achieve an explosion of American productivity. He must do so even when change is not embraced by each and every interest group.

That is the only way to put America in charge of its economy------in charge of its future again.

In Arizona and we worked an economic miracle------creating more new jobs and more new investment than any other state in the Union.

That's what all American used to be like: dynamic, resilient, the wonder of the world economy.

Yet as we're looking across all 51 States today, our national productivity is growing at half the rate of Germany, one third the rate of France, one fourth the rate of Japan.

Real family income------the bottom line value of our pay------isn't growing at all.

And on America's farms, the thing that's growing fastest is the suffering of families crushed between massive debt and lowered land values.

For the last two years, we haven't been standing tall. We've been standing still.

I want to see an America in charge of its own economic future. And that's going to take nothing less than a transformation of our economy.

Where would I start? Where the economy starts. With the backbone of our economic strength: the individual American worker.

After two years of trickle down economics, it's time to build an economy from the bottom up. And a bottom-up economy is an economy that shares its gains and losses among all the people who create them.

That means rewarding productivity. I'd say to every American worker:

If you make first-rate efforts-if you pay attention to detail, if you improve the quality of the product, if you find a better way to do the job-if you make those first-rate efforts, you'll have first-rate rewards.

Now therefore, after deep soul searching, many more conversations with my family, friends and-of course, a number of advisors, I have decided to engage in the political process and seeking the Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States of America. I am doing so with the full intention to win. To win the nomination of the Democratic Party and win the election taking place in November of next year. In the coming weeks and months, I will present detailed plans what in my opinion has to be done about the challenges ahead and how we can master them. And with We, I mean, we as a nation. I will introduce these plans to the electorate of my party to earn their trust and later on to the entire public, asking for each and everyone's trust. I will do so with great dedication and I'm happy to discuss my plans. Defend them whenever necessary and adjust them where appropriate. I will focus on a positive vision for our nation and the whole world. I will not engage in partisan bickering, personal attacks or smear tactics. Our nation deserves better. And even more importantly, our nation has no time to waste. No time to bungle. We can and will get this right. I am offering experienced leadership in most difficult times. No more, no less. Let us win together for our nation's future and restoring the Greatness of America.

I shall be available for questions and discussions in the coming days and weeks. Thank all very much and have a great day and God Bless America."
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Chapter 17: Fallout of Babbitt launching 1984 presidential campaign

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member

*Friday, September 30, 1983: Commentators in the press largely wrote positive reactions about the campaign announcement from Arizona Governor Bruce Babbitt. Instead of falling into partisan bickering and personal attacks, Babbitt's tone was worthy of a popular two-term Democratic Governor from the Mountain West, who seeks-in his opinion-to taking back the Presidency for the Democratic Party, whose last victory was in 1964 and "changing the trajectory course of America for the better," an Associated Press columnist wrote. All observers concluded that Babbitt would start out as among the "Top 3 Co Front-Runners" alongside former US Ambassador to Canada Walter Mondale and United States Senator Gary Hart (D-CO) for the 1984 Democratic Party presidential nomination. Name recognition outside of Arizona including his tenure on the executive committee of the National Governors Association, including a growing campaign infrastructure and high-profile advisers give him at least a slight edge over United States Senators Alan Cranston (D-CA) and John Glenn (D-OH) in what is quickly turning into an expanding growing field. While some observers pointed to Babbitt's lack of national legislative experience, others noted his ability to winning three consecutive statewide elections in a staunch conservative stronghold Republican State as Arizona State Attorney General in 1974 and the Arizona Governorship in 1978 and 1982.

Meanwhile, Babbitt has appointed US Rep.
Morris Udall (D-AZ 02nd) as his campaign chairman; former US Ambassador to the Argentine Republic Raul Hector Castro serving as campaign vice chairman. Former US Secretary of State Dean Rusk also joined the campaign as senior advisor on foreign policy.



*Saturday, October 1, 1983: President Ronald Reagan was hosting a special private dinner for Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom at the Executive Residence with his wife, First Lady Nancy Reagan at the White House, when news of Arizona Governor Bruce Babbitt announcing his presidential candidacy broke out. Asked for a response, he told reporters earlier in the day, "Well, you know it's quite rare that a sitting Governor jumps into the 1984 presidential campaign. I just wonder whether the Democratic Party will nominate him after they went completely off the rails in the last three presidential election cycles. This isn't the party of Franklin Roosevelt or even John F. Kennedy or Lyndon Johnson anymore. It's now George McGovern's."

Although Reagan and his team, including Vice President
George HW Bush, tried downplaying Governor Babbitt's entrance into the contest, sources close to the reelection campaign claimed anonymously: "everyone's nervous." They can read the polls, and they know they need to aggressively change the narrative and fast," the Springfield Journal-Corrier wrote, "with over an entire year left, it's possible that President Reagan can overcome bad approval ratings with several foreign policy successes including strong accomplishments in his administration and win reelection overwhelmingly. They need to hope Babbitt either falls short to win the Democratic Party presidential nomination or comes out damaged politically from the primaries."

WALTER MONDALE REACTION: "We will have a tough, but fair primary contest before uniting against Reagan."

Former US Ambassador to Canada and presidential hopeful
Walter Mondale, back in Saint Paul, Minnesota attending a special commemoration ceremony for the late US Vice President Hubert Humphrey, but didn't make any concerns nor impressions to Governor Babbitt's announcement. "We will have a tough, but fair primary contest before uniting against Reagan," he said. Asked whether he sees himself as the leading liberal candidate, he responded: "I guess it's clear with three consecutive landslide defeats in 1972, 1976 and 1980, particularly the most recent two presidential elections, my governing philosophy is quite different from Governor Babbitt's on various key major issues and it's no secret that I hold more liberal viewpoints."

United States Senator
Gary Hart (D-CO), considered one of the front-runners for the 1984 Democratic Party presidential nomination, hasn't immediately reacted to the news. It's unclear how much this affects his campaign, which is facing some rough patches along the way. United States Senators Alan Cranston (D-CA), Ernest Hollings (D-SC) and John Glenn (D-OH); the Reverend Jesse Jackson; former United States Senator George McGovern (D-SD); former Florida Governor Reubin Askew issued statements with pledging to remain in the primary contest, but neither haven't said whether they'd drop out if Governor Babbitt's campaign gains traction.

HUGH L. CAREY REACTION: "Not endorsing in the primary, but President Reagan should be nervous about Governor Babbitt!"

Surprisingly, former New York State Governor
Hugh L. Carey, the 1980 Democratic Party presidential nominee, also weighed in on the news of the Babbitt campaign kick-off. Carey, who already said back in 1981, that he wasn't running for any political office again, stunned some observers that he wasn't about to endorse anyone running for the 1984 Democratic Party presidential nomination. "I may vote one way or another by the time the New York State primary comes along, but I'm not making any formal endorsement. Most importantly, we must make sure President Reagan is defeated next year. I believe this will happen, and President Reagan should be very nervous about Governor Babbitt in particular."

It's being reported that some senior staffers of the Mondale and Hart campaigns were upset about Carey's statement. Journalists speculate that Carey is already banking on Babbitt winning the nomination either in the primary contests or convention battle vote and potentially the Presidency and wants to maintain some influence on him. Babbitt and Carey met multiple times since Carey's landslide defeat and exchanged ideas about moving the party forward.
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Chapter 17: Babbitt Campaign Highlights

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member

*Monday, October 3, 1983: Less than four days after announcing his campaign for the 1984 Democratic Party presidential nomination, Arizona Governor Bruce Babbitt gave his first campaign speech back in Phoenix and Tuscon. At a campaign rally in Phoenix, the Grand Canyon State's 16th Governor outlined his first priorities: More aggressive approach toward South Africa, including pressure through diplomacy with the Argentine Republic, and increased American engagement in Africa, the Middle East and parts of the Americas and parts of the Pacific. Domestically, he spoke of the need for balanced tax reforms which reduce income taxes for middle income, moderate reduction of the corporate tax hikes including reversal of the Reaganomics economic policies. Details weren't provided, though Babbitt promised to presenting plans before the first primary ballot is casts.

Surprising some political observers and analysts, Babbitt dedicated a longer portion of his address to women's issues such as Equal Pay measures and promotion of women in leadership positions though various incentives instead of government mandates. "If elected President, I promise that a federal government which works hard toward gender equality on various levels and I promise that my administration will lead by example," he said. The campaign rally was also attended by former First Lady
Lady Bird Johnson, who not only endorsed the candidacy of Governor Babbitt, Babbitt announced that Mrs. Johnson was taking an active role in the campaign as "campaign chair for women outreach." Accordingly, the former First Lady leads the effort of the Babbitt campaign to reaching female voters and convincing them to back the Governor's presidential campaign.



Arizona Governor Bruce Babbitt: 31%
Former US Ambassador to Canada Walter Mondale: 13%
United States Senator Gary Hart (D-CO): 6%
United States Senator John Glenn (D-OH): 6%
Undecided: 42%

President Ronald Reagan: 49%
Arizona Governor Bruce Babbitt: 36%

President Ronald Reagan: 73%
Former US Ambassador to Canada Walter Mondale: 13%

President Ronald Reagan: 61%
United States Senator John Glenn (D-OH): 25%

President Ronald Reagan: 59%
United States Senator Gary Hart (D-OH): 37%
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Chapter 17: International and National Headlines (Fall 1983: III)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
*Sunday, October 2, 1983: Following the Labour Party's landslide defeat to British Prime Minister Gregory Howe in the 1983 general elections, Neil Kinnock was elected as the Leader of the British Labour Party succeeding Michael Foot following a highly successful election, where he gained the majority of votes cast in all three sections of the Labour Party's electoral college with 71% of the vote.

Joining him as Deputy Leader is Roy Hattersly. The Kinnock/Hattersly "Dream Team" partnership is being perceived by many inside the Labour Party as Center-Right and soft left alliance which could be the party's possible chance of winning the next general election four years from now. Addressing supporters during his victory speech at the Labour Party conference in Brighton, Kinnock stressed the need for unity within the Labour Party: "We can enjoy fraternity between socialists and we must enjoy fidelity to socialism," he said. Hattersly in his speech, looks forward to working with Mr. Kinnock: "Between us we can do what the party needs. We are demonstrating unity...... the task is to make Neil Kinnock the next Prime Minister of England," Hattersly said.

*Tuesday, October 4, 1983: British entrepreneur Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.468 MPH by driving the Thrust2 at the Black Rock Desert, Nevada.

*Wednesday, October 5, 1983: With the entry of Arizona Governor
Bruce Babbitt on September 30th, there's been speculation and rumors spreading like wildfire: The Washington Post reported that former US Ambassador to Canada Walter Mondale might be lobbied to drop out of the 1984 presidential campaign and consider running for the United States Senate against incumbent United States Senator Rudy Boschwitz (R-MN), who will be seeking a second full six-year term. Mondale held the Class 2 US Senate seat for 12 years from 1964 until his resignation in 1976 before he served as US Ambassador to Canada from 1977 to 1981. There's also speculation Mondale might be recruited to run for the Land of 10,000 Lakes' Class 1 Senate seat against United States Senator David Durenberger (R-MN) in 1988. Of course, Mondale hasn't commented on any possible return to the United States Senate when asked, preferring to focus on his presidential campaign, but things could change between now and sometime later this year.

*Thursday, October 6, 1983: Breaking news coming out of Sacramento, California: United States Senator
Alan Cranston (D-CA) announced during a town hall meeting on the campus of Sacramento State University confirmed that he will be dropping out of the 1984 presidential campaign effective immediately. "After campaigning across the United States and visiting major key primary States over the past nine months, I have decided that its best for the Democratic Party to be united as one united front if we've got a chance to win the Presidency in 1984. Today, I am suspending my campaign and returning to representing Californians in the United States Senate."

*Friday, October 7, 1983: United States Senator
Rosalynn Carter (D-GA) confirmed she plans on seeking a full six-year term in her own right in 1984. She was appointed to the US Senate seat during the Summer of 1983 following the shocking assassination of United States Senator Sam Nunn (D-GA) in Paris, France. Carter, the wife of former United States Senator Jimmy Carter (D-GA), has been very popular amongst Georgians in the past few months of her tenure in the United States Senate with Moderate-to-Conservative voting record including passing bipartisan pieces of legislation on education, balancing the federal budget and her staunch support for the establishment of the Martin Luther King, Jr., Holiday.

Her husband, on the other hand, has confirmed that he's planning on seeking the Georgia Governorship again in an upcoming recall special election set for 6 May 1984. Polling surveys show Carter leading the field of 16 candidates by 25-37 percentage points and the recall against unpopular Georgia Governor
Joe Frank Harris is very likely to be approved by the voters according to political analysts and observers with 62% of Georgians voting for the recall against the embattled Democratic Governor, whose approval ratings have plunged due to corruption scandals engulfing senior members of his administration including allegations of facilitating with the mafia, etc.,

GOLDWATER: "President Reagan will win reelection in 1984, I've got great personal deep respect for Governor Babbitt."
*Saturday, October 8, 1983: United States Senator Barry Goldwater (R-AZ), the 1964 Republican Party presidential nominee, was asked by ABC 3 KTVK-TV Phoenix about the upcoming 1984 Presidential election. Being the honest, blunt-talking icon he was, Goldwater bluntly said this: "President Reagan will win reelection in 1984, because it makes no sense for anybody wanting any reason of voting him out of the White House. He's the best President we've got in these unprecedented times in the midst of the 1980s and I am confident he will win in such an overwhelming landslide margin bigger than four years ago," he said. On Arizona Governor Bruce Babbitt running for the Presidency: Goldwater said, "while I am strongly confident President Reagan will win reelection next year, I've got great personal deep respect for Governor Babbitt despite our strong differences and different political philosophies on the issues facing Arizonans and Americans. My only concern for Governor Babbitt is whether today's Democratic Party will nominate him?"
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Chapter 17: Shocking News from the Asian Pacific

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
*Republic of Korea President Chun Doo-hwan escapes unharmed; Presidential motorcade delayed by traffic congestion.
*21 killed; 46 others injured.
*Two suspected bombers captured by authorities; Reports indicate North Korea was involved in the bombing incident.

*Sunday, October 9, 1983: Republic of Korea President Chun Doo-hwan was in the middle of an official goodwill visit to Burma. Chun arrived in the capital city of Rangoon on his official visit and during the visit, he planned on laying a wreath at the Martyrs Mausoleum, but his motorcade was delayed in just a few minutes because of heavy traffic congestion.

The dozens of dignitaries and members of the press corps were waiting for President Chun's motorcade to arrive at the Martyr's Mausoleum Grounds when all of a sudden, a huge bomb exploded which resulted in the deaths of 21 people including 17 South Koreans were among those killed in the Rangoon Incident: ROK Foreign Minister Lee Bum Suk; Minister of Power Resource, Suh Sang-chul; Economic Planning Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Suh Sook-joon and Minister of Commerce and Industry, Kim Dong-hwi. 14 ROK presidential advisers, journalists and security officials including three Burmese journalists were among the dead.

Chun, whose visit to Rangoon was the first stop of an 18-day swing through six Asian Pacific nations, was only just three minutes away from arriving on the Martyr's Mausoleum Grounds when the bombs exploded. The Presidential motorcade soon turned away after the deadly carnage; Chun soon cut short the remainder of the visit and accompanied by his wife Republic of Korea First Lady Lee Soon-ja, flew back to Seoul. Cabinet members, who had not accompanied the President and First Lady on the 18-day tour of the six Asian nations,convened in the ROK's capital city of Seoul; ordering the Republic of Korea Armed Forces and National Police Agency on special alerts; and set up a special task force of Vice Ministers to dealing with the crisis.

Immediately, ROK officials charged that the three bombs were planted by North Korean agents. Information Minister Lee Jin Hee said: "We have come to realize once again the true nature of North Korea as a barbarous international group." Burmese President San Yu called the attack: "This is a premeditated and dastardly act of terrorists."

Chun's aborted trips also included stops in Sri Lanka and India.



Well-known member
Glad you're enjoying "The American Republic" @49ersfootball. Now here's what I've got planned for the following in the upcoming chapters:

*🇵🇭Philippine President Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr.,: The plan is to have him die from kidney failure sometime around 13 March 1984 and succeeded by his wife, Philippine First Lady and Vice President Imelda Romualdez Marcos, who'll be facing growing brewing backlash which will be detailed in Chapter 21. Spoiler Alert: NOT tipping my hand on that one, but it's hinted Corazon Cojuangco Aquino becomes President.

*🇰🇷Republic of Korea President Chun Doo-hwan: With the assassination of then-ROK Prime Minister Roh Tae-woo, I plan on having Chun extending his stay in the Blue House longer and ensuring he'll remain President of the Republic of Korea until 25 February 1993.

*Empress Farah Pahlavi of Iran: Haven't decided what to do with her as of yet, but the plan is having her quietly abdicating the Iranian throne around 1991 and having her son, Crown Prince Reza Pahlavi being proclaimed as the new Shah of Iran.

*🇧🇷 Brazilian President Joao Figueriedo: The plan is having him serving out his six-year term and leaving office in 1985, which will be heavily detailed in Chapter 17.

*🇹🇼 Taiwanese President Chiang Ching-kuo: Still riding extremely high following his controversial military operation against the PRC during the Fall of 1982 by taking nearly half of the Mainland. He likely still dies in office on 13 January 1988 in this timeline like he did in real life and succeeded by Vice President Lee Teng-hui.

*🇩🇰 Queen Margrethe II of Denmark: Still running the Kingdom of Denmark and likely abdicating from the Danish throne on 14 January 2024; Succeeded by her oldest son, Crown Prince Frederik, who will likely become King Frederik X.

*🇹🇭 King Bhumibol Adujlayeh of Thailand: Haven't gotten to him yet. He'll be a factor somewhere around either Chapter 18 or 19.

*🇺🇾 Uruguayan President General Gregorio Conrado Alvarez: Upping the ante even further against the opposition by crushing descent. He'll be mentioned in Chapter 18 at some point.

*🇭🇹 Haitian President Jean-Claude Duvalier: Likely being factored in Chapter 19.

*🇮🇩 Indonesian President Suharto: He was mentioned in the earlier chapters of this timeline during the Rockefeller administration. He'll be a huge key player sometime around Chapter 18.

*🇫🇷 French President Francois Mitterrand: Skillfully keeping his cancer a super secret from the public. Big question is whether he'll make it to 14 years in office? Stay tuned.

*🇪🇸 King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia: They were somewhat mentioned in the earlier chapters of this timeline back in the Fall of 1975, but they'll be focused more heavily on Chapter 19.

*🇧🇪 King Baudouin I of Belgium: Since I butterflied away the heartbreaking miscarriages and decided to give King Baudouin and Queen Fabiola lots of kids, I was busy working on Baudouin this week during the recent winter freeze storm here in the Lone Star State, which will be put together in Chapter 20.

*🇸🇪 King Carl Gustav Gustav of Sweden: Still running the Swedish Royal Family as the King of the Kingdom of Sweden. As of today, he's still kicking and at some point, his oldest daughter, Crown Princess Ingrid will likely become Queen of Sweden in the future. Not sure when Carl Gustav kicks it......

*🇳🇴 King Olav V of Norway: He'll be factored in the later chapters of The American Republic. Haven't done research on him yet.

*🇺🇸 US President Ronald Wilson Reagan: Likely to be assassinated in Chapter 17 during his State Visit to the Republic of Korea on 13 November 1983. Keep an eye on it because this will have huge devastating ramifications as the Tippancanoe Curse will strike again!

*🇺🇸 US Defense Secretary Henry Marion Jackson: Likely to die in office on 1 September 1983 in the early stages of Chapter 17.
Great job. Keep it up!
Chapter 17: Personal PoV's (Fall 1983: I)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
......"If I'm fortunate to serve as President, I will do everything I can in making sure we promote policies advancing women. For example, the promotion of women-owned businesses and female entrepreneurships, equal pay legislation where necessary and protection of women's rights. Especially leveling the playing field for female entrepreneurship is an issue which I take great interest in. As President, I will be developing a plan to promoting such and make sure we get it done. While my opponents in this campaign also like to discuss women's issues, I actually have a plan to implementing practical policies in promoting equal pay and businesses and not just having another law on the books that's either being micromanaged by countless government bureaucrats and just not practical in the real world. As President, I also want to lead by example with the tools available. And I don't mean by issuing proclamations. Actions speak louder than words."
-Excerpt from the ABC News exclusive interview with Arizona Governor
Bruce Babbitt
Monday, 10 October 1983
"The 84 Vote".
Chapter 17: International and National Headlines (Fall 1983: IV)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
*Wednesday, October 12, 1983: Former Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka was found guilty in connection with the Lockheed Scandal; Tanaka was accused of taking $2 billion bribes from the Lockheed Corporation and was sentenced to four years in prison.

*Thursday, October 13, 1983: The world's first-ever commercial cellular telephone call is made in the United States: Chicago, Illinois.

*Friday, October 14, 1983: United States Senator
Russell B. Long (D-LA) was asked by reporters about whether he plans on seeking reelection in 1986. Long, who's been in the United States Senate since 1948 and was won reelection in 1950, 1956, 1962, 1968, 1974 and again in 1980, responded "I'm currently focused on the legislative session this Fall and helping Louisianans and Americans getting things done." Speculation has swirled that Long might retire and not seek reelection to a seventh full six-year term which could open up a hefty logjam of ambitious politicians inside the Pelican State including several members of Louisiana's congressional delegation.
Chapter 17: International and National Headlines (Fall 1983: V)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member

*Friday, October 14, 1983: Following the shocking sudden death of then-US Defense Secretary Henry M. Jackson from a heart attack on September 1st, then-Deputy Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger had been serving as Acting Secretary of Defense during the interim period. President Ronald Reagan announced he was nominating Weinberger to serve as the Pentagon's top chief full-time and the Senate Armed Services Committee held confirmation hearings throughout the month of September. On September 29th, the United States Senate was supposed to take up Weinberger's nomination for a full vote, but it was blocked by United States Senator Edward M. Kennedy (D-MA), who objected to Weinberger's nomination over the Reagan administration's controversial selling of military weapons to the apartheid government of South Africa. Following days of delays and parliamentary procedure tactics, Weinberger's nomination to serving as the next United States Secretary of Defense was finally confirmed by the full United States Senate by a vote of 99-3: Among the three votes against Weinberger: Senator Kennedy, the only Democrats and two Republicans: United States Senators Jesse Helms (R-NC) and John Porter East (R-NC), both Helms and East voiced opposition to Weinberger's nomination over some foreign policy initiatives they strongly disagreed with, but sources state it might've had to do with the Reagan administration's reluctance to supporting the government of Saudi Arabian President General Jamal Al-Fayheed. Later in the afternoon, Weinberger was officially sworn into office as the new US Secretary of Defense by Vice President George HW Bush at the Pentagon.

*Saturday, October 15, 1983: Following the shocking and violent shooting down of Korean Air Lines Flight 007 last month, a bipartisan group of lawmakers subsequently proposed legislation banning certain airliners from US airspace altogether. The legislation passed in both chambers of Congress with massive overwhelming margins and President Reagan quickly signed it into law. However, the detailed implementation remained within the Federal Executive's direction and Reagan said he will order a full-scale total ban of Soviet civilian airlines. His announcement was praised from large bipartisan group of lawmakers; However, the President's announcement faced criticism from some Democratic presidential candidates.

*Wednesday, October 19, 1983: Following week-long struggle over who was running the Grenadian government, the Grenadian Armed Forces went ahead with the bloodiest military coup d'etat against the socialist Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, who held the Prime Ministership since 13 March 1979.

Under Bishop's tenure as Prime Minister of Grenada, he pivoted Grenada into aligning with the Soviet Union and Cuba, which alarmed the United States. The Reagan administration had charged that these moves were a blatant and direct threat to the United States and its Caribbean allies. Leading up to the military coup, Bishop was offered two choices: step down from office or agree to a power-sharing agreement with Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Conrad; Bishop rejected both proposals and was removed from office, being placed under house arrest. News of Bishop's removal from office and arrest caused demonstrations among Grenadians, which eventually caused the deposed Prime Minister to be freed by the crowd. He was then driven to the Grenadian Army's headquarters Fort Rupert; However, a military force was dispatched from Fort Frederick to Fort Rupert on the orders of Army Commander, General Hudson Austin: the soldiers once again arrested Bishop and seven others including several Cabinet ministers such as Foreign Minister Unison Whiteman, Education Minister Jacqueline Creft and Housing Minister Norris Bain including labor union leader Vincent Noel. Following this, the four-man People's Revolutionary Army firing squad opened fire on Bishop and the seven others by shooting them to death via machine-gun. Then, the bodies were transported to a military camp and burned into a deep pit. In the aftermath of this violent coup and deadly aftermath, OESC (Organization of Eastern Caribbean States including the nations of Barbaos, Jamaica, including Governor-General of Grenada Sir Paul Scoon appealed to the United States for assistance.


*Saturday, October 22, 1983: Former Louisiana Governor Edwin Washington Edwards reclaimed the Louisiana Governor's Mansion in securing a historic third term by handily trouncing incumbent Louisiana Governor David Treen in a massive landslide victory. Edwards won with a record 1 million votes statewide and garnered 62% of the statewide vote including carrying 62 out of 64 parishes; Edwards will be inaugurated on 12 March 1984 at the Louisiana State Capitol Building in downtown Baton Rouge, Louisiana which will be aired statewide on Louisiana Public Broadcasting.

Approve: 49%
Disapprove: 41%
Undecided: 10%

*Wednesday, November 2, 1983: President Ronald Reagan signed into law establishing a federal holiday honoring the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., The signing ceremony took place outside the Rose Garden of the White House with several civil rights leaders and Coretta Scott King; bipartisan group of lawmakers were in attendance. The final vote in the Democratic-controlled US House of Representatives on 2 August 1983 was 340-90 (13 Democrats voted NO along with 77 Republicans) and the final vote in the Republican-controlled United States Senate on 19 October 1983 was 80-22 (4 Democrats including 18 Republicans voted NO). The holiday was observed for the first time on 20 January 1986. It's observed on the third Monday of January.

COMING UP IN THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Lots and lots of intriguing Personal PoV's for the Fall of 1983
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Chapter 17: Stroessner's mysterious death

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
DISCLAIMER: The following Personal PoV will be NSFW-erotic and somewhat graphic. Viewer discretion is advised!
Secret Life of the Typical South American Dictator

Then-Paraguayan President General Alfredo Stroessner during the early part of his Presidency.

......"We will never know what really happened to Stroessner on the evening of 11 June 1981. The secrecy and the details of how the Paraguayan strongman died remains a mystery decades later...."
-Excerpt from Latin America and the Figures who made the Western Hemisphere

The Republic of Paraguay had undergone isolation from its neighbors in South America and Latin America in particular. According to historians, the isolation was intentional and deliberate following gaining independence from Spain in 1811.

El Supremo, the first of many dictators of Paraguay, known as The Supreme One, held the Presidency for 30 years; And he moved aggressively to cement his power and also his control of all segments of life by cutting off foreign trade and economic relations and contact with other nations. Fast forward to 1865, another dictator had involved Paraguay in a deadly conflict which resulted in costing the South American nation a third of its land including the lives of half of the Paraguayans. The Chaco War during the 1930s, resulted in the deaths of several thousand people.

Backlash engulfed the administration of then-Paraguayan President Federico Chaves's plans of arming the Paraguayan National Police in an attempt of strengthening his administration, Chaves was ousted in a military coup d'etat led by General Alfredo Stroessner on 4 May 1954 and following an interim provisional government led by Tomas Romero Pereira, Stroessner ran for the Presidency as a candidate for the Colorado Party and basically, he was the ONLY candidate running: he won overwhelmingly of course, garnering 100% of the nationwide vote with 236,111 votes and took office as the 42nd President of Paraguay on 15 August 1954. It would be the first of uncontested presidential elections whenever Stroessner was on the ballot: He won reelection in 1958 with 100% of the vote and garnering 295,414 votes; in 1963 defeating Ernesto Gavilan of the Liberal Party, where Stroessner garnered 569,551 votes and (92.26% of the nationwide vote to Gavilan's 47,750 votes and 7.74% of the vote. In 1967, the Colorado Party won the Constitutional Assembly seats frm the Paraguayan Constitutional Assembly elections by winning 80 seats with 315,941 votes and 69.44% of the nationwide vote; It was also the same election which included replacing the 1940 Constitution, which limited the President to two five-year terms, but included a grandfather's clause allowing Stroessner to serving two more five-year terms. This also included the return of the bicameral legislative branch: an elected Paraguayan Senate and addition of the Paraguayan Supreme Court including reducing the voting age of 18 years old among young Paraguayans.

In 1968, Stroessner was reelected to a fourth full five-year term defeating Gustavo Gonzalez of the Radical Liberal Party: Stroessner garnered 465,535 votes and 71.62% of the nationwide vote while Gonzalez garnered 139,622 votes (21.48%). In 1973, Stroessner won a fifth full five-year term defeating Gustavo Riart of the Radical Liberal Party garnering 681,306 votes (84.74%) to Riart's 98,096 (12.20%); Following the removal of term limits on the Presidency in the 1977 Constitutional Assembly elections, Stroessner won a sixth full five-year term in 1978 defeating German Caballero of the Radical Liberal Party garnering 905,461 votes with 90.77% of the nationwide vote while Caballero garnered 54,984 (5.51%). Stroessner's 26 years in office was the longest of any Paraguayn President in the South American nation's history.

During his long dictatorship, the Stroessner administration began building roads, bridges, schools and dams; Stroessner had brought measures of much-needed stability and peace to a country, who had been bitterly divided by uprisings, wars and grinding poverty. However, Stroessner also had a dark side: he ruled with an aggressive iron fist: political opponents were beaten, jailed, tortured, exiled out of the country or even killed in gruesome circumstances. It was also during this time, where Stroessner gave safe passage for Nazi war criminals and their families to Paraguay including the infamous Josef Mengele. Stroessner's obvious and blatant affinity for Nazism and the open harboring of Nazi war criminals, caused the foreign press corps to referring to the Stroessner administration "The Poor Man's Nazi Regime".

Operation Condor was implemented by the military dictatorships of Mexico, Bolivia, Uruguay, Chile, Paraguay, Brazil and the Argentine Republic) with the staunch support of the United States during the administrations of US Presidents
Nelson Rockefeller (1975-1979), Linwood Holton (1979-1981), Ronald Reagan (1981-1983) and George HW Bush (1983-1993). One gruesome incident of how the Stroessner administration violently crushed opposition was back in 1975, Miguel Angel Soler, who was the Secretary of the Paraguayan Communist Party, was gruesomely dismembered alive with a chainsaw while Stroessner was gleefully listening on the telephone (this dude was one fucking sadistic freak). The two units responsible for such violent methods: The Department of Investigations of the Metropolitan Police under the leadership of Pastor Coronel, whom many human rights actvisits view as the violent perpetrator of heinous human rights violations. The second unit, National Directorate of Technical Affairs led by Antonio Campos Alum. Both of these controversial units were under the supervision and direction of Minister of the Interior Edgar Ynsfran and among the usual lists of suspects arrested and violently tortured by the Stroessner administration: communists, leftists, Catholics, socialists-febrists including dissidents from the Colorado Party, who didn't like what Stroessner was doing to the country.

Close cooperation with the United States, West Germany, South Africa, Japan and France allowed Stroessner to undertaking important works: the Paraguayan currency was stabilized; the geographic isolation of the country was broken; down by modern highways stretching to the Atlantic and the Rio de la Plata, and by networks of airlines. Stroessner's dictatorship was modified in 1967, when the new constitution reinstated Congress and granted some civil liberties. However, the opposition continued to be viciously suppressed. The Catholic Church also repeatedly clashed with the Stroessner administration. During the early 1970s, there was no guerilla or terrorist activities in Paraguay, but the standard of living was almost the lowest inside Latin America; And in spite of heavy foreign aid, progress in the struggle against inadequate democracy and government transparency was slightly average.

On the evening of Thursday, 11 June 1981: Stroessner was engaged in a steamy erotic sex escapade with Mayette Serrano (who was 14 years old) inside his bedroom at his secret hideout ranch somewhere in the outskirts of Asuncion. Both were naked and barefoot on the bed and Mayette was lying on the bed with her legs spread wide open, she was moaning softly as she felt the dictators' large penis stretching her vagina extremely wide open when sometime around 10:00 PM, Stroessner suddenly collapsed on top of Mayette, who was extremely pinned underneath him for what seemed like hours. Around 25 minutes later, Mayette finally got out underneath the dead dictator, she was slipperly wet, sweating and completely drenched; Mayette was breathing heavily to calm down, which took awhile before she opened the door to get some water when one of the maids stopped her, Mayette drank some water and told her what happened. The maid named Joaquina Lozano called her brother, Dr. Jorge Villalobos, who arrived secretly to check a pulse. There was none and was declared dead at the scene. And the 26-year Presidency of the flamboyant and controversial Alfredo Stroessner was officially over.

Following a grand State Funeral ceremony with grand State Honours on 20 June 1981 which included several key foreign dignitaries in attendance such as Mexican President General Oscar Robles, Chilean President Captain General Augusto Pinochet, Brazilian President Joao Figuereido, then-US Secretary of State
Alexander Haig and countless others, Stroessner was entombed at an undisclosed location while plans were slowly put together in building an eventual final resting place which was supposed to be called: Statue Monument of Victory in the suburbs of Asuncion.

Somewhere during this time, allegations surfaced that young female Stroessner-ista's engaged in secret sex orgies with the dictator's corpse during those "secret examination sessions" during the weeknights. In order to avoid chaotic rampage of the temporary location, the Paraguayan government negotiated with the Brazilian government to have Stroessner buried in the Campo de Esparanca Cemetery in Brasilia, Brazil, which took place on 18 January 1983 with heavily-guarded security during the scaled-down ceremony. The details of Stroessner's mysterious death remain a mystery.
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Chapter 17: Personal PoV's (Fall 1983: I)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
......"Following Stroessner's mysterious death on 11 June 1981, the jockeying for position inside Paraguay happened and General Andres Rodriguez was tapped to succeed him as the 43rd President.

It was assumed Rodriguez was going to be quite flexible in terms of cleaning house, but tragedy struck on 13 December 1982 when Rodriguez was killed in a controversial terrorist attack while visiting the Netherlands during a working visit.

Once again, more jockeying for position inside the Paraguayan government happened. Ultimately Major General Jackson Ballasteros ascended to the Presidency succeeding Rodriguez and becoming the 44th President of Paraguay, finally bringing peace & quiet plus stability......."
-Except from Jackson Ballasteros: The Man Who Brought Peace and Quiet to Paraguay
Summer 2003
Chapter 17: Personal PoV's (Fall 1983: II)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
......"and I felt the baby kicking inside of me. It was extremely beautiful as I looked at the mirror, my wonderful secretive initiations with the late His Excellency was an experience that I will carry with me for the rest of my life.

The urge to fuck with His Excellency was irresistible and too juicy to pass up."
-Secret Diary of Mayette Serranno
Fall 1983

......"Mayette had given birth to triplet daughters as a result of her secrert sex escapades with Stroessner. It's alleged that she snuck into one of the underground secret tunnels which connected all the way toward Stroessner's temporary tomb in an undisclosed location and took pleasure with the dictator's corpse. She was an out of control sex addicted freak and couldn't help herself."
-Except from Silvia Elizalde's Secret Diary.

......"Nobody knew where Stroessner's body was because it was alleged that a mysterious group of young women took the dictator's corpse out of the tomb via underground secret tunnel and went to some secret hideout with it. Nobody and not even many Paraguayans wondered whatever happened to the long-time Paraguayan President's body.

Allegations surfaced that wax copies were made of the dictator's resemblance during this time period. And conspiracy theories exploded to who took Stroessner's body ranging from leftists to socialists and even female aliens."
-Except from "Secret Mystery of Stroessner's Death"
Summer 2019
Chapter 17: Meanwhile in the Commonwealth of Hong Kong

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
*Stunning News Developments coming out of Victoria, Hong Kong: Hong Konger Prime Minister Jefferson Cheng suffered massive heart attack while on vacation in Spain.
*The Commonwealth of Hong Kong mourns the loss of the Commonwealth Nation's 5th Prime Minister: Cheng dies at the age of 70 on the early morning hours of 27 October 1983.
*Deputy Prime Minister Lei Dang to become the 6th Prime Minister.

*Thursday, October 27, 1983: In one of the most shocking developments across the world: Hong Konger Prime Minister Jefferson Cheng, who had just recently hosted the 46th anniversary of the Commonwealth country's independence day festivities, Cheng went on vacation to relax somewhere in Spain. However, sometime during the vacation, it's believed that Cheng suffered the heart attack while relaxing at his summer vacation retreat and was reportedly rushed to a nearby hospital, where he was pronounced dead. Condolences poured out from across the world: Saudi Arabian President General Jamal Al-Fayheed; British Prime Minister Geoffrey Howe; US President Ronald Reagan; Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone; Taiwanese President Chiang Ching-kuo; Republic of Korea President Chun Doo-hwan; French President Francois Mitterrand and several countless others. The Hong Konger government is making arrangements to flying Cheng's body back to Hong Kong to plan funeral arrangements, which are expected to be announced in the next few days.

COMING UP IN THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Highlights of the State Funeral festivities for Hong Konger Prime Minister Jefferson Cheng and Personal PoV's.
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Chapter 17: Farewell to Prime Minister Cheng

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member

*Wednesday, November 2, 1983: From the morning of Monday October 31st until the early morning hours of Wednesday, November 2nd, the late Hong Konger Prime Minister Jefferson Cheng's body laid in state inside the Rotunda of the Hong Konger Parliament Building in downtown Victoria, where approximately 138,000 people paid their respects to him. Newly-installed Hong Konger Prime Minister Lei Dang hosted a Special Service of Tribute for Cheng, who was amongst the leading figures of the Hong Kong Independence Movement which ultimately was successful in 1937. Cheng also served in the Hong Konger Parliament for 12 years and also served as Hong Konger Chief Liaison to Canada for 6 years before returning to Hong Kong to get elected to the Prime Ministership in 1965 and winning reelection overwhelmingly in 1970, 1976 and again in 1982.

On the morning of Wednesday, November 2nd: the State Funeral service was held at the Cathedral Church of Saint John the Evangelist in Cheng's honor. The main speaker was Gueang Fiang, the former Chief of Staff to Prime Minister Cheng, a longtime personal friend of the late Prime Minister. Grace Cheng, the former First Lady, also spoke a few words to honoring her husband. Several local politicians from Hong Kong; high-profile members of the Hong Konger Parliament including several foreign dignitaries attended the ceremony, as did actors, actresses and other rank-and-file individuals. During the tailend of the State Funeral, the 17 Cannon Salute was fired outside by the Artillery Unit of the Hong Kong Army; followed by a flyover from the Hong Konger Air Force; The Honor Guard pallbearers from the Hong Konger National Guard folded the Hong Konger flag, which had drapped the Prime Minister's casket and handed it to his widow, Grace Cheng in the presence of his family, who were on the platform stage of the church. Following the flag presentation and Departure Honors, Cheng's casket was carried out of the church for the final leg of the Departure Honors Ceremony, where the Hong Konger National Guard fired the 3-Volley Gun Salute before the casket was placed inside the hearse, where members of the Cheng family bid farewell for the final time and the hearse escorted by six police motorcyclists, drove away from the Cathedral Church of Saint John the Evangelist as the family waved goodbye to the hearse, television cameras showed some bystanders in the crowd waving goodbye as the hearse took the slow drive past the landmarks before eventually fading from the television screens for good. According to a spokesperson for the Prime Minister's Office, Cheng's body will be taken to a super secret undiscloed location.
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Chapter 17: Personal PoV's (Fall 1983: III)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member

......And now, on to the business at hand. I'm pleased to announce today the appointment of Donald Rumsfeld as my special representative for the Middle East. I can't think of a better individual in whom to entrust the coordination of our role in the Middle East peace process and in the Lebanon negotiations.

Don Rumsfeld has had a distinguished career in public service. He's had experience in wide areas of government and public policy------including military service as a naval aviator; in the legislative branch, as a member of the United States Congress; and in the executive branch, where his many appointments included Chief of Staff of the White House, member of the Cabinet, and as US Secretary of Defense. I am grateful that he's agreed to take on this special assignment and that GD Searle & Company, where he serves as president and chief executive officer, has made it possible for him to lend his talents to his country for awhile.

He'll be joining the team immediately, and in view of the serious job that he's undertaking, we're happy to have an individual of his stature on board so quickly.

Ambassador Richard Fairbanks, who is now in Geneva, has told me that he will continue his critical involvement in these issues, and I am grateful for his dedication. We intend to work and use the talents of our best minds to achieving a just and lasting peace in the Middle East.

I announced in September 1982 a realistic set of principles which we consider the best chance for a resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict. No one's come up with a better proposal since. I'm confident that progress in Lebanon will add momentum to the serious efforts that are going to be establishing this broader peace.

We hope that the leaders of Lebanon who are now meeting in Geneva will put the problems of the past aside. They have it within their ability to moving forward toward a national consensus. Progress in their talks could lead to the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Lebanon and the establishment of a truly representative government.

We're proud as Americans of the part we're playing to bring peace to this troubled region, and now Don Rumsfeld will be our point man in that effort. I've known Don over the years, and I recognize the talent and vigor that he can bring to bear on these weighty problems. I hope all those who share our sincere desire for peace in the Middle East will work with our new representative.
So Don, good luck, and our hearts are with you."
-Excerpt from the remarks from President
Ronald Wilson Reagan announcing the appointment of former US Secretary of Defense
Donald Rumsfeld as the President's Personal Representative in the Middle East
Thursday, 3 November 1983
Press Room
White House
Washington, DC

Chapter 17: Point Man in the Middle East

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
......"And Secretary Shultz, as recently as last month before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, elaborated further. They have asked me if I could arrange myself to be helpful with respect to this, or try to be helpful. Certainly, it is an important part of the world, a troubled and dangerous part of the world, and I have accepted.

I'd be happy to respond to questions..................."
-Excerpt from the Question and Answer Session of the Press Briefing from Thursday, 3 November 1983

Donald Rumsfeld
US Personal Representative to the Middle East.
Chapter 17: Personal PoV's (Fall 1983: V)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
......"there were still unanswered questions about the sudden death of Hong Konger Prime Minister Jefferson Cheng on the early morning hours of October 27th. Nobody, even family and friends ever wondered whatever happened to Cheng because all they received was a phone call from his office that he died while on vacation

Allegations slowly surfaced that Cheng might've been in the company of young beautiful girls ages 16-28. The womanizing rumors were legendary considering that the Prime Minister had an all-female office staff inside Government House......."
-The Mysterious Death of Hong Kong's Prime Minister Jefferson Cheng and the Intrigue Unanswered Questions
Chapter 17: Personal PoV's (Fall 1983: VI)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
......"the controversial crackdown on protesters by the Surinamian National Guard in Moengo was matched with increasing frustration with the controversial National Reorganization Process policies of the Surinamian government; Jaumeetz flew to London in late October to consult secretly with Shultz. They agreed that Suriname was on the verge of collapsing into total anarchy, as seemed to increasingly be the huge risk in the Americas, completely unacceptable. Figuereido ordered deployment of the Brazilian Armed Forces towards the border with Suriname as the situation inside Suriname was explosive non-stop. It was time for the embattled Hendricks to step down as President; Shultz began contacting neighboring Latin American countries including European countries to see whom would be willing to accept the flamboyant Surinamian President as their guest."
-Backlash against Jorge Hendricks: Suriname's Flamboyant and Controversial President in the 80s
Chapter 17: Personal PoV's (Fall 1983: VII)

Sergeant Foley

Well-known member
......"the Alvarez administration was facing massive protests over backlash when Alvarez gave approval to Operation Cuchilla when the Uruguayan Army's 682nd Death Squad Battalion reportedly killed over 500+ college students, who were arrested in Montevideo via machine-gun fire including helicopter machine-gun shootings of the demonstrators.

The so-called Spinos had one of their biggest recruitment booms they'd ever had and made massive gains just in a few weeks in mid-October. We suggested to Alvarez to consider stepping down as President, he refused and on November 6th, he was killed in a church bombing. Uruguay quickly plunged into total chaos; military forces began flipping sides while various generals of the Uruguayan Armed Forces scrambled to find a successor to Alvarez. The Uruguayan Army seized power at the direction of Lieutenant General Mitchell Frederick Montes, who served out the remainder of Alvarez's term; riots shut down 82% of Uruguay's economy. Brazil, Paraguay, Chile and the Argentine Republic were resistant to allowing Alvarez's family to find safe passage in their respective countries.
-Uruguay: The South American Country that Exploded Into a Full-Scale War

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